Writing Approaches to language: Descriptive vs. Prescriptive Grammar and its parts Arbitrariness (conventionality) 1Language Language is a system that associates sounds (or gestures) with meanings in a way that uses words and sentences. The Genesis of the Alphabet and its Development in the Second Millennium B.C. First, it has little to say about Linear B, other than that the extant tablets were probably administrative archives rather than literary in nature. Writing Systems: An Introduction to Their Linguistic Analysis (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics) Florian Coulmas The problem of reducing language to writing and conversely that of interpreting written signs as language has been resolved through the development of different writing systems. Discusses systems as diverse as Chinese, Greek, and Maya. The volume is extensively illustrated and the glossary of technical terms, exercises, and further reading suggestions that accompany each chapter make Writing Systems a valuable resource for students in linguistics and anthropology. His most recent book is Grammar Without Grammaticality (2014, with Anna Babarczy). While language is a universal fact of human society, writing is a technology invented in Mesopotamia some 5,000 years ago, with a roughly contemporaneous (probably) independent invention in Egypt, and later independent inventions in China and Mesoamerica… Although all three carry the term alphabet in their titles, and while the Greek and Roman alphabets and their Semitic ancestors do take special pride of place in these works, their coverage of the world’s writing systems is broader than the titles imply. Skip to content. Second, though Moorhouse 1953 does cite sources that discuss Chinese characters, the few examples of Chinese characters (pp. The structure of the book is laid out — organized around a series of 7 case studies. Description Accessibly written, Writing Systems: A Linguistic Approach provides detailed coverage of all major writing systems of historical or structural significance with thorough discussion of structure, history, and social context as well as important theoretical issues. In relying on the abstraction of linguistic analysis, writing is crucially distinct from recording technology, in that a written text captures a linguistic message but not the particulars, such as voice quality, of a given utterance, whereas a recording captures the details without an analysis. Sanmartín, J. He discusses “pre-alphabetic” scripts, meaning all scripts that are not descendants of the Semitic consonantal scripts; and alphabetic scripts, including Semitic scripts and their descendants. Presents each system in light of four major aspects While language is a universal fact of human society, writing is a technology invented in Mesopotamia some 5,000 years ago, with a roughly contemporaneous (probably) independent invention in Egypt, and later independent inventions in China and Mesoamerica. In fact, most written texts exist in the absence of spoken utterances—i.e., the text was not first spoken and then transcribed. 83% Upvoted. 28 comments. Sort by. During its long history the problem of reducing language to writing, and conversely that of interpreting written signs as language, has found a variety of solutions which still exist in the form of different writing systems. alphabet A system of letters intended to represent the sounds of a language in writing. Irony punctuation is any proposed form of notation used to denote irony or sarcasm in text. He only briefly discusses Brahmic scripts, and does not mention Hangul. London: Kegan Paul, Trench. 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