Although the importance of potato cultivation in Poland has decreased, it is undoubtedly still one of its most important crops. This is known as the Great Irish Famine. The potato arrived in Ireland in the mid-to-late 16th century. Just to say, potatoes is a very important food in Ireland. GREAT POTATO FAMINE 197 invaded Ireland intent on final pacification. Potatoes provide more calories, vitamins, and nutrients per area of land sown than other staple crops. People in Ireland had become so dependent on the potato as food that when the blight hit, people did not know what they could afford to grow and eat. The potato was not popular at first; however, after an unusual promotion campaign that was supported by landowners and members of royalty, who wanted their tenants to plant and eat the crop, it rose in popularity. This potato also well known as white potato. My collection comprises 220 varieties, the oldest of which is” Irish Apple”, dating back to 1768. Potatoes are the most important artifact and food in Ireland. If the potato crop of Europe should fail, famine would result, as it did in Ireland between 1840 and 1850. While there are almost countless varieties of potatoes in a rainbow of colors , the Irish potato is a white potato, sometimes called an “Earth apple.” By 1780 it was the staple of the Irish diet. Richard Halleron. Only the Oriental races exist without it. In the early 1500s, Spanish conquerors found the Incas growing the vegetable, which the Spanish called patata. However, they did not exist in Ireland until 1589 when British explorer Sir Walter Raleigh brought them back from South America and planted them at his estate in Ireland at Myrtle Grove, Youghal. Fun Facts About Potatoes Potato Facts: Origins of the Potato. Great Famine, famine that occurred in Ireland in 1845–49 when the potato crop failed in successive years. Potato news and updates from Ireland. In Ireland this is what most of the people were realizing when the Government was starting to take control. The potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) has its origins in South America. In 1536 Spanish Conquistadors conquered Peru, discovered the flavors of the potato, and carried them to Europe. The damp, cool Irish climate and soil conditions proved perfect for potatoes and the potato rapidly moved from a simple garden vegetable to a staple food crop for both man and animals as it was cheap to grow and even a small plot could produce a hearty crop. They bear white, pink, red, blue, or purple flowers with yellow stamens.In general, the tubers of varieties with white flowers have white skins, while those of varieties with colored flowers tend to have pinkish skins. Thank You For Stopping By! The potato was first brought from the Americas to Europe in 1573 and introduced to Ireland about 1590. Potatoes – the unofficial mascot of the Irish food scene Although the potato was imported in the 17 th century, it is a symbol of Ireland and its undisputed hospitality. The potato was well suited to the Irish the soil and climate, and its high yield suited the most important concern of most Irish farmers: to feed their families. The potato first made its appearance in Europe about 1570, having been brought from South America by the Spaniards. While potatoes were, and still are, an integral part in Irish cuisine, you would be mistaken in thinking that there is not much variety besides the humble spud. [6] Before you go, have you signed up for our FREE weekly newsletter?. It is named after Ireland due to the famous Irish potato famine. Production Area Ireland’s total production area in 2012 was over 8,700 hectares. The people of Ireland who once depended on the potato died because of famine due to the blight ruining countless acres (Crosby, 1972). Many people died from hunger because they had no other food to eat. Documentary video: Potato farming in Ireland. Which is caused by a mold infestation of the Irish potato crop. During the 1800’s Ireland was a thriving culture with much going on. The potato is a member of the nightshade family which includes other "New World" crops like tomatoes, peppers and tobacco. November 15, 2020. The potato blight that struck in the mid 19th century, combined with the high reliance on this vegetable as a main food source lead to the disasterous Irish potato famine from 1845-1852. Potatoes actually came to North America from Ireland in the 1700s, not from our neighbors in Peru, which means that they traveled across the ocean and back again to make it to your dinner plate! All figures relate to production by commercial potato growers, defined as those growing 0.8 hectares (2 acres) or more of potatoes. I grew up eating potatoes everyday for dinner in Ireland. More pounds of the potato … The potato comprises about 25 per cent. The importance of diversity The genetically identical lumpers were all susceptible to a rot caused by Phytophthora infestans, which turns non-resistant potatoes to inedible slime. The Irish poor starved in great numbers, many travelled to urban centres, in their desperation for food. The Irish famine was the worst to occur in Europe in the 19th century: about one million people died from starvation or from typhus and other famine-related diseases. Large Nordic chicken producer invests in potato-based, chicken alternative. Every week we will send you a roundup of the most important news in farming and agriculture, completely free! J. Average yield of potato tuber is only 22.89 MT per ha in the country which is very low as compared to other potato growing countries of the world as Netherlands with 46.27, USA 46.27, UK 41.43 and Australia 36.18 t/ha respectively, (FAO Stats, 2009). [5] A change in administration in London, resulted in a change in the British government’s relief program in Ireland and reduced the amount of food relief available in the country. The major potato growing districts of Balochistan are Pishin, Killa Saifulla and Kalat. He was especially fearful that royalists and Irish lords would form an alliance and in- For instance, the Irish Potato Famine catalyzed modern agricultural science. Important information about the diet during the Irish potato famine was revealed by the University of Edinburgh, who conducted research on the teeth of 42 famine victims. Researchers found biopesticide to be effective in controlling potato cyst nematode. According to USDA, potatoes prefer 5.0 to 5.5 pH. Varieties Grown Potato plants are herbaceous perennials that grow about 60 cm (24 in) high, depending on variety, with the leaves dying back after flowering, fruiting and tuber formation. The Irish Potato Famine, also known as the Great Hunger, began in 1845 when a fungus-like organism called Phytophthora infestans (or P. infestans) spread rapidly throughout Ireland… Irish potato … The Potato in Ireland – A Blessing and a Curse . The potato, from the perennial Solanum tuberosum, is the world’s fourth largest food crop, following rice, wheat, and maize.. Still life with potatoes by Vincent van Gogh (public domain) Originating from Peru, the potato reached Europe in the 16th century following the expeditions of Christopher Columbus, but it was not very popular in the beginning. From the following table, we can have a view of the potato production conditions in Ireland. ... “Starting in England, I moved on to Scotland and then to Ireland a number of years ago. Then in 1845, the potato blight hit Ireland (Crosby, 1972). Video: AVR puma 3 potato harvester on tracks. The potato was introduced to Ireland as a garden crop of the gentry. It was introduced in Europe by Spanish people. They eat potatoes at home. The Inca Indians in Peru were the first to cultivate potatoes around 8,000 BC to 5,000 B.C. The most dramatic example of the potato’s potential to alter population patterns occurred in Ireland, where the potato had become a staple by 1800. They have tales about them in the great potato. Incans grew, ate, and even buried them with potatoes with their dead. Potatoes are an excellent source of many vitamins and minerals. Many people had to leave Ireland in search of a better life.