Throughout the voyage he gathered vast amounts of data, providing insights into this largely unstudied area of the ocean at the time. Finally the crew were taken off Raroia to Tahiti by the French schooner Tamara, with the salvaged Kon-Tiki in tow. "[35], Genetic analysis of Polynesians and Native South Americans, published in Nature in July 2020, has revealed that several eastern Polynesian populations have signs of an ancient genetic signature that originated from Native South American people. [24][20], Heyerdahl's hypothesis of Polynesian origins is overwhelmingly rejected by scientists today. Like all sailors, especially ones with a point to prove, Thor made copious notes and logs along the journey. [7] The main spars were a laminate of wood and reeds and Heyerdahl tested more than twenty different composites before settling on one that proved an effective compromise between bulk and torsional rigidity. 12 reviews of Kon-Tiki "I don't recall this being a restaurant -just a bar. [citation needed], The basis of the Kon-Tiki expedition is pseudoscientific, racially controversial, and has not gained acceptance among scientists (even prior to the voyage). Expedition Kon-Tiki2 got its name because it had 2 crews from many nations: Norway, Russia, UK, Mexico, New Zealand, Sweden, and Peru. Bengt served as steward, in charge of rations, as well as translator, being the only crew member who spoke Spanish. Notably, the hand-cranked generator meant that it wasn't exactly a luxury! In a second great voyage ten years later, he rafted 12,001 km (7,457 mi) from South America to Australia with a metal raft Age Unlimited. Definition of Kon-Tiki in the Definitions.net dictionary. 275 gæsteanmeldelser og 34 billeder venter på Booking.com. [20] The 1976 voyage of the Hōkūleʻa, a performance-accurate replica of a Polynesian double-hulled wa'a kaulua voyaging canoe, from Hawaiʻi to Tahiti was partly a demonstration to prove that Heyerdahl was wrong. He believed that the Easter Island myth of a power struggle between two peoples called the Hanau epe and Hanau momoko was a memory of conflicts between the original inhabitants of the island and a later wave of Native Americans from the Northwest coast, eventually leading to the annihilation of the Hanau epe and the destruction of the island's culture and once-prosperous economy. Shortly afterwards, they were taken to Tahiti by a French schooner, with the raft towed behind. A code specialist from the Norwegian Embassy in Washington, she was the secretary of the expedition. In total, the six-man crew consisted of five Norwegians and one Swede. It sought to double down on Heyerdahl's voyage by sailing two rafts from South America to Polynesia and then back. He asked if he could join the voyage and Thor agreed instantly, making him second in command. Very low tiki factor. I 2020 blev det bekræftet via DNA, at Thor Heyerdahl delvis har ret. The main mast was made of lengths of mangrove wood lashed together to form an A-frame 8.8 m (29 ft) high. In 1959, Ingris built a new balsa raft, Kantuta II, and tried to repeat the previous expedition. Last updated 27.10.2015, Kon-Tiki2: Pacific raft expedition abandoned by Susannah Cullinane, CNN. Thor’s theory was that the islands making up Polynesia were settled from the West by natives of South America using ‘drift voyaging’ – basically building a raft with a sail and letting the ocean take you. A film documentary about the voyage and raft was released in 1950, called Kon-Tiki. Kon-Tiki-ekspeditionen, (efter den indianske gud Kon-Tiki), ekspedition, der blev gennemført i 1947 af den norske etnograf Thor Heyerdahl, som ville underbygge sin teori om, at der i forhistorisk tid har været kulturpåvirkninger over havet fra Sydamerika til Polynesien. Kon-Tiki is the record of an astonishing adventure -- a journey of 4,300 nautical miles across the Pacific Ocean by raft. What does Kon-Tiki mean? [18][19], He argued that the monumental statues known as moai resembled sculptures more typical of pre-Columbian Peru than any Polynesian designs. Robert C. Suggs, "Kon-Tiki", in Rosemary G. Gillespie, D. A. Clague (eds). It appeared with great success in English in 1950, also in many other languages. The trip began on April 28, 1947. ", Los Angeles Times, Friday August 26, 1994, p. 21. [33], This result was questioned in 2012 because of the possibility of contamination by South Americans after European contact with the islands. Thor made him the navigator on the voyage and, thanks to his arts education, was also the one who created the iconic Kon-Tiki image that adorned the raft’s sails. [27][28][29], Historians today consider that the Polynesians from the west were the original inhabitants and that the story of the Hanau epe is either pure myth, or a memory of internal tribal or class conflicts. The second expedition was a success. Kon-Tiki ekspedisjonen by Thor Heyerdahl, March 1987, Washington Square Press edition, Mass Market Paperback in English - 35th edition You can read the whole story and see photos of the crew along the way. A second Tahiti-Nui was built in Constitución, Chile, leaving on April 13, 1958, towards Callao, then towards the Marquesas. The team travelled to Ecuador to secure a supply of balsa wood and then on to Peru where they built the raft. Tangaroa's six-man crew was led by Norwegian Torgeir Higraff and included Olav Heyerdahl, grandson of Thor Heyerdahl, Bjarne Krekvik (captain), Øyvin Lauten (executive officer), Swedish Anders Berg (photographer) and Peruvian Roberto Sala. The main body of the float was composed of nine balsa tree trunks up to 14 m (45 ft) long, 60 cm (2 ft) in diameter, lashed together with 30 mm (1 1⁄4 in) hemp ropes. Situated directly on the vast sandy beach of Pampelonne, a short distance from Saint Tropez, Kon Tiki village invites you to discover the Tiki Huttes. The crew were taken back to the native village, where they were feted with traditional dances and other festivities. When making these claims, Heyerdahl was dismissed by most anthropologists with one, Herbert Spinden, exclaiming ‘Sure, see how far you get yourself sailing from Peru to the South Pacific on a balsa Raft!’ Not one to turn down such a challenge, even though it wasn’t necessarily serious, Thor Heyerdahl decided to do just that. The Oscar-winning documentary of the voyage plays throughout the day. Kon-Tiki is a 2012 Norwegian historical dramatized feature film about the 1947 Kon-Tiki expedition. Further down is the picture of Kon-Tiki. The voyage was also chronicled in the documentary TV-series The Kon-Tiki Man: The Life and Adventures of Thor Heyerdahl, directed by Bengt Jonson.[4]. Check out the tab » Archaeological, linguistic, cultural, and genetic evidence all support a western origin (from Island Southeast Asia) for Polynesians using sophisticated multihull sailing technologies and navigation techniques during the Austronesian expansion.[1][2][3]. The two rafts were made of 11 balsa logs and 10 crossbeams held together by 2000 meters of natural fiber ropes. Two days later, on August 7th, the raft struck a reef and eventually beached on an uninhabited islet off the coast of Raroia atoll. The Kon-Tiki expedition was a 1947 journey by raft across the Pacific Ocean from South America to the Polynesian islands, led by Norwegian explorer and writer Thor Heyerdahl. Tangaroa's speed was credited to the proper use of guaras (centerboards). 25 talking about this. 76, 154. Book Kon-Tiki Resort, Islamorada on Tripadvisor: See 192 traveler reviews, 133 candid photos, and great deals for Kon-Tiki Resort, ranked #15 of 19 hotels in Islamorada and rated 4 of 5 at Tripadvisor. Heyerdahl's hypothesis of a South American origin of the Polynesian peoples, as well as his "drift voyaging" hypothesis, is overwhelmingly rejected by scientists today. Relax at the Kon Tiki Inn located in beautiful Pismo Beach, California. We have an official Kon Tiki tab made by UG professional guitarists. A documentary motion picture about the expedition, also called Kon-Tiki, was produced from a write-up and expansion of the crew's filmstrip notes and won an Academy Award in 1951. He followed this up with spectacular expeditions on the reed boats Ra and Tigris. The Kon-Tiki expedition was a 1947 journey by raft across the Pacific Ocean from South America to the Polynesian islands, led by Norwegian explorer and writer Thor Heyerdahl. [citation needed], On August 7, the voyage came to an end when the raft struck a reef and was eventually beached on an uninhabited islet off Raroia atoll in the Tuamotus. Alle er velkommen. My (Rasmus) opinion: these types of open-burn kilns appear to have some advantages over those "barrel-in-a-barrel" retorts that were advocated in the past. Et undervisningsmateriale til spillefilmen 'Kon-Tiki' (Norge m.fl. Archaeological, linguistic, cultural, and genetic evidence all support a western origin (from Island Southeast Asia) for Polynesians via the Austronesian expansion. [8] After the journey, Eterna decided to brand their sports watches as "Kon-Tiki". In 1954, William Willis sailed alone on a raft Seven Little Sisters from Peru to American Samoa, successfully completing the journey. The music and customers tend to lean towards slightly hard rock. [39] They were swept towards Cook Islands where on August 30, the raft went aground and was wrecked at Rakahanga atoll. [15], The call sign LI2B was used by Heyerdahl again in 1969–70, when he built a papyrus reed raft and sailed from Morocco to Barbados in an attempt to show a possible link between the civilization of ancient Egypt and the New World. Læs mere her. I am pretty sure the picture at the top of the article is The Ra raft. The Kon-Tiki voyage led by Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl was a huge success and proved beyond doubt that Polynesia could have been settled from South America. Heyerdahl and five companions sailed the raft for 101 days over 6,900 km (4,300 miles) across the Pacific Ocean before smashing into a reef at Raroia in the Tuamotus on August 7, 1947. 2013) The Kon-Tiki is tiki in name mostly. His aim in mounting the Kon-Tiki expedition was to show, by using only the materials and technologies available to those people at the time, that there were no technical reasons to prevent them from having done so. Éric de Bisschop died in this accident. By 500 CE, a branch of these people were supposedly forced out into Tiahuanaco where they became the ruling class of the Inca Empire and set out to voyage into the Pacific Ocean under the leadership of "Con Ticci Viracocha". Steven R. Fischer, Island at the End of the World: The Turbulent History of Easter Island, Reaktion Books, 2005, p. 42. A French seafarer, Éric de Bisschop, committed himself in a project he had had for some years: he built a Polynesian raft in order to cross the eastern Pacific Ocean from Tahiti to Chile (contrary to Thor Heyerdahl's crossing); the Tahiti-Nui left Papeete with a crew of five on November 8, 1956. [42] The trip was designed to commemorate the journey in an open boat of survivors from the British steamship Anglo-Saxon, sunk by the German cruiser Widder in 1940. Heyerdahl filmed the expedition, which later became the Academy Award winning documentary in 1951, and he wrote a book about the expedition that was translated into 70 languages and sold more than 50 millions copies around the world. 1947 journey by raft across the Pacific Ocean from South America to the Polynesian islands. [20][25][26] Hōkūleʻa also remains fully operational, and has since completed ten other voyages, including a three-year circumnavigation of the planet from 2014 to 2017, with other sister ships. Thor set about assembling a crew, each of which could bring a useful skill to the voyage. It took great faith and courage for the men to construct and sail on a boat made of balsa wood. The 1973 Las Balsas expedition was the first (and so far only) multiple-raft crossing of the Pacific Ocean in recent history. Words of Norway tells the stories of Norway to the world, and helps Norwegian companies do the same. His first expedition, Kantuta I, took place in 1955–1956 and led to failure. Although the expedition carried some modern equipment, such as a radio, watches, charts, sextant, and metal knives, Heyerdahl argued they were incidental to the purpose of proving that the raft itself could make the journey. They were taken to the nearby island and welcomed with traditional feasts and dances. Whilst the South Americans clearly wouldn’t have had such equipment, Thor argued that its presence wouldn’t disprove the theory that a raft could drift West to Polynesia unless its use proved vital to the journey. The crowning glory of the museum, however, is the original raft, which takes pride of place in the museum’s collection. An initial admixture event between Native South Americans and Polynesians, discovered by statistical analysis, took place around AD 1150–1230.[36][37]. Vi arrangerer: Vragdyk, UV-jagt og UV-arkæologi samt strand- og kutterture. This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 07:55. Located in Oslo, the museum is a record of everything related to the expedition. The crew made successful landfall and all returned safely. Thor Heyerdahl (1914-2002) gained worldwide fame when he crossed the Pacific Ocean on the balsawood raft Kon-Tiki in 1947. The Official KON-TIKI Facebook Page. The expedition was led by Spaniard Vital Alsar, who, in 1970, led the La Balsa expedition, only on that occasion with one raft and three companions. Anthony Smith, "Voyage to the Brink of Death", Kon-Tiki 2 sets sail. The crew made brief contact with the inhabitants of Angatau Island, but were unable to land safely. There was also the legend of Kon-Tiki Viracocha, a native chief who is said to have set sail from Peru into the sunset on a balsawood raft. It was published in Norwegian in 1948 as The Kon-Tiki Expedition: By Raft Across the South Seas, later reprinted as Kon-Tiki: Across the Pacific in a Raft. On August 4, the 97th day after departure, Kon-Tiki reached the Angatau atoll. With regard to the equipments and leisure facilities, the Kon Tiki is from this point of view also in very good shape. Heyerdahl believed that people from South America could have reached Polynesia during pre-Columbian times. The raft ended its voyage in the Caribbean island of St Maarten, completing its trip to Eleuthera in the following year with Smith and a new crew.[43][44]. [18][19][20][21] Heyerdahl believed that the original inhabitants of Easter Island (and the rest of Polynesia) were the "Tiki people", a race of "white bearded men" who supposedly originally sailed from Peru. Most importantly, the crew had a single 16mm video camera, which they used to document the expedition. Information and translations of Kon-Tiki in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … Required fields are marked *. Kon Tiki, Tucson: See 72 unbiased reviews of Kon Tiki, rated 3.5 of 5 on Tripadvisor and ranked #657 of 1,938 restaurants in Tucson. The Hōkūleʻa sailed against prevailing winds and exclusively used wayfinding and celestial Polynesian navigation techniques (unlike the modern equipment and charts of the Kon-Tiki). As a side note there is a museum in Alesund that has an original boat – The Uread – that sailed from Alesund to Massachusetts in 1904-1905 taking five months with the inventor and 3 others and you might find the story “Uread The Egg That Crossed the Atlantic”, as well as a visit to the Alesund Museum most interesting. Directed by Joachim Rønning, Espen Sandberg. At the stern was a 5.8 m (19 ft) long steering oar of mangrove wood, with a blade of fir. Azerbaijan International, Vol 14:4 (Winter 2006), p. 31. Vi har klubaften onsdag. The expedition also carried a pet parrot named Lorita. [22][23] Heyerdahl described these later migrants as "Maori-Polynesians" who were supposedly Asians who crossed over the Bering land bridge into Northwest America before sailing westward towards Polynesia (the westward direction is because he refused to accept that Polynesians were capable of sailing against winds and currents). The drinks we had were fine. Photographs also show a top-sail above the main sail, and also a mizzen-sail, mounted at the stern. Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, Learn how and when to remove this template message, The Kon-Tiki Expedition: By Raft Across the South Seas, "Science: DNA shows how Thor Heyerdahl got it wrong", "Thor Heyerdahl Dies at 87; His Voyage on Kon-Tiki Argued for Ancient Mariners", "Last Crew Member on Kon-Tiki Expedition Dies", "Heyerdahl's Kon Tiki Theory and the Denial of the Indigenous Past", "David's Weapon of Mass Destruction: The Reception of Thor Heyerdahl's 'Kon-Tiki Theory, "How the Voyage of the Kon-Tiki Misled the World About Navigating the Pacific", "White gods, white researchers, white lies", "Hokule'a: More Than Just An Ocean Voyaging Canoe", "Hokule'a and her sister vessel Hikianalia set sail", "thousands-to-gather-for-historic-hokulea-homecoming", "Kon-Tiki explorer was partly right – Polynesians had South American roots", "Did Easter Islanders Mix It Up With South Americans? 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