This approach could potentially disrupt the open university market worldwide and create a much larger interest in open university derivative models as a way to learn more about a particular topic and/or as preparation for entry to other universities. “Mini mills” dramatically disrupted the steel industry once dominated by the great … Literally every day MOOCs are in the headlines – and smart marketers are trying to jump on the MOOC bandwagon even as that bandwagon morphs continually to address the glaring deficits of the MOOC model and quite frankly, more failures than successes at this point. But, as leaders in the education segment we do need to get better at understanding where we have been and where we are going, what constitutes innovation and/or disruption that is worthy of investment? One way that teachers are using disruptive technology is the delivery method of their lecture materials. That would be a good fit with the “course-focused” strength of MOOCs. For example, in a high school-level chemistry class, the teacher can present the materials in online in video format, quiz the students on the material, and then implement lab exercises based on the results of the quiz. The possibilities are endless in regards to what a teacher/instructor/professor can use when it comes to disruptive learning in the classroom. Customers flocked to Apple, and the company had record-breaking profits with its hardware, software and service. As previously discussed the more you commoditize an educational experience the less valuable the education is. Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) is an example of disruptive innovation in higher education. For more information on the IMS trademark usage policy see trademark policy page, © 2001-2020 IMS Global Learning Consortium Inc. All Rights Reserved. Diversity in terms of delivery models and blending of high touch with personalized self-service. Changing nature of faculty. © 2020 K-12 Teachers Alliance. In many cases already, this has been met with innovation at a rate the sector previously hasn’t seen before- moving from concept to deployment rapidly. However, the ground work for this kind of study was laid in the 1990’s with a few distance courses or online availability. Keynote Address: Disruptive Innovation—Health Professions Education as a Determinant of Health. Let’s face it - there is a general sense that the current education system is not up to the challenges of the future. Jim Farmer does a very thorough job of digging into the theories as applied to MOOCs here. In a traditional classroom setting, a student will show up to class, listen to the lecture, takes notes, and be expected to remember everything that was discussed. Disruptive innovation is a “process by which a product or service takes root initially in simple applications at the bottom of a market and then relentlessly moves up market, eventually displacing established competitors." As discussed above the next stage in education is greater diversification, not massification. I hope so. The personal computer is an excellent example of a new-market innova-tion in that its … A Q&A with the authors of Disrupting Class: How Disruptive Innovation Will Change the Way the World Learns. Michael Horn: A disruptive technology, also known as a disruptive innovation, is an innovation that transforms an existing sector or creates a new one by introducing simplicity, convenience, accessibility, and affordability, where before the product or service was complicated, expensive, and inaccessible. The former originate either in low-end markets or new-market footholds, whereas the latter make good products better. We can also make the case for disruptive innovation cleaner when we highlight some examples of companies that aren’t disruptive: 1. Dr. Delving into the various industries which are affected helps consumers see why they are … As little as 10 years ago, this would not have been possible. Therefore, the “disruptive technology platforms” for education will need to enable great diversity. Students who show a mastery of the material can be given an advanced lab exercise designed to challenge them. Virtual Reality is not just for entertainment or gaming and could disrupt how people do business. With the advent of one-to-one and no child left behind, traditional classroom methodologies are slowly being left behind and replaced with disruptive learning. The 2017 keynote speaker, Shafik Dharamsi, PhD, has dedicated his career to addressing issues of health equity and social justice through engaged scholarship and the development of an ethically and civically inspired higher education agenda. But I would argue that we are nowhere near a true disruption (rise) in the number of participants in higher education. I would argue that any individual that is putting time into educational technology leadership at any level is an investor, but certainly institutions that are spending on innovation, and yes, venture capital investors (investors in this segment, including some pretty big names, are making some bad decisions right now about where they are putting their money – but this post is more about how institutions should decide to invest their resources). We aim to categorise references to the concept over time, across geographical regions and across prespecified healthcare domains. Disruptive Innovations have the potential to be an incredibly positive force in the world. Students as early as second and third grade are being introduced to technology in education. While students in eighth grade and higher are building and coding robots for national competitions. Disruptive innovation became a buzz phrase in the mid-1990s in the business world. Prior to the class time, the instructor can review the results of the quiz and tailor the lecture so that it covers the material missed by the majority of the students, thus allowing more discussion and coverage of material that the students are having difficulty with and less time with material that they have mastered. With that in mind, here are 3 examples of disruptive innovation in healthcare and healthcare delivery, and how … To me the hype around things like MOOCs represents a longing by many for “a better educational future” – presumably involving lower costs to students and better career/life fulfillment, not to mention better global citizens needed to solve our global challenges. © 2001-2020 IMS Global Learning Consortium Inc. The use of disruptive learning can assist an instructor in overcoming some of the challenges presented by different learning styles. My high school son competed in a national robotics competition during his sophomore year of high school. Students who do not show a mastery of the material can be given a less complex lab in order to increase their understanding and their mastery of the material. Most innovation happens here, because most of the time we are seeking to … And, it’s not clear how we get from “here” to “there.”. Disruptive innovations are however differentiated from sustaining innovations. The students of today and tomorrow are technology learners first, academics second. Hold on to your hat here as these are things that we don’t hear much talk about in the education space – especially when you go to meetings on one of the hyped topics or even to investor conferences! In this commentary, the application of this term to pharmacy within the context of the current status of pharmacy education and practice, highlighting barriers, discussing requirements, and identifying implications for future innovative opportunities in pharmacy is discussed. Personally I would be asking MOOC providers to take the risk in terms of proving the validity of the market/business model (such as the ideas around open university displacement) – and not taking on that risk for my university. I’d like to provide three key factors that IMHO are needed to be understood if to  understand disruption in education. Uber. It would also provide a potential revenue producing and marketing outlet for institutions and their “star teachers.” Of course there are the normal challenges of achieving accreditation from the countries/states as needed to prove value to the potential students. The iPad. Anyone who has been in education, either as an educator or as a student, knows that not all students learn the same way. It’s difficult to imagine how something could have achieved more hype in the higher education segment – and they are very clearly striking a nerve for being potentially highly disruptive. -- Harvard Business School Professor Clayton Christensen Should open universities or other new entrants that wish to compete in that space try a MOOC/advertising/low course fee supported model? I think MOOCs have the potential to be disruptive on the low end of the education market as a new model for delivering “open university style education.” For example, today’s MOOCs could be an appealing alternative to the content portion of massive open universities around the world, featuring star professors from highly ranked universities. While it is very valuable to have any great thinker on business strategy analyzing education and providing insights from other industries that might apply (like Christensen), education leaders need to do their own critical thinking about these formulations of “disruptive innovation” in the education segment. Take computers as an example. Are MOOCs potentially promising innovations? But, in general the whole annual Learning Impact event is about understanding where the innovation really is. Not on the current trajectory. It is…, Teachers’ “to-do” lists are never ending and sometimes shockingly long. MOOCs are perhaps everyone’s favorite example of hype right now. Unclear. And, such populations of learners could probably support an advertising/low course fee model of consumption. I am currently a student in the M.Ed. Disruptive innovation is changing education and the way that we are reaching our students. And thus, these new entrants change the market behavior substantially. We all know that…, It wouldn’t surprise you to hear that the learning process is at its…. While these factors may be relevant to understanding MOOCs, they can be applied to other hype areas as well. Disruptive innovation is the force that democratizes those technologies. Sorry if I tipped over one of your sacred cows there! From Rob Abel's Learning Impact Keynote: Innovation, Disruption, Revolution Oh My! At the 2013 Learning Impact conference I presented a keynote “Innovation, Disruption, Revolution – Oh My!”  I chose this topic because the degree of hype about “disruption” in education seems to be at an all time high right now. While Christensen predicted in 2008’s Disrupting Class great disruptions in the segment from online learning, the reality so far is that greater adoption of online learning has continued as expected but not very disruptive: price points for education continue to rise ahead of inflation and while online education continues to grow it is largely seen as reflecting traditional models rather than a disruption. It just means that they are being portrayed as more significant in terms of ability to “disrupt” education than they will be capable of delivering on. It is through disruptive innovation that students can matriculate from fully accredited colleges and universities by attending online courses. Uber is often cited as an example of While pursuing my first degree in the 1990’s, we had only a few courses available online. With a classroom that is using disruptive learning, whether it is a traditional class or online/hybrid course, the instructor could provide a video of the lecture prior to the class meeting allowing the student to view the material in advance. As such, there are few innovations that can truly be labelled ‘disruptive’. Disruptive innovation is not something that starts out in a large, mass production style, but more of a small market where it grows and flourishes until the larger market takes notice. In the s, computers were. Excitement about the role of technology in improving education is a good thing as far as I’m concerned. Disruptive innovation is the force that democratizes those technologies. Innovation has changed the way people live, work and do business. They pretty much fly in the face of the three tenants above. Steel mini mills. You can think of it as evidence that the application of technology in an educational setting has had a clear impact on access, affordability and/or quality. The innovators in the education segment have NOT disrupted the status quo significantly so far. However, he has not made it clear why things will be different in the next 5 years versus the last 5 years since Disrupting Class was published. Microsoft Teams is a new tool that allows teachers to create individual exercises for students and communicate privately with individual students or the classroom as a whole. How Disruptive Innovation Changes Education by Martha Lagace HBS professor Clayton M. Christensen, who developed the theory of disruptive innovation, joins colleagues Michael B. Horn and Curtis W. Johnson to advocate for ways in which ideas around innovation can spur much-needed improvements in public education. Disruptive innovation happens frequently in many industries, but is actually rather rare in education. Innovation not only impacts global economies and business models, but the quality of life of people. In such a model MOOCs could also double as a new type of “tutorial” reference materials. Gamification is a method that can be used in a multitude of ways to teach concepts to students. Personally I would like to see existing institutions respond to the three factors above by rolling out new “institutes” with new types of degree programs that meet the evolving needs of society. Despite Higher Ed’s reputation for being slow to adapt, it is undeniable how disruptive certain technologies have been in recent years. This makes learning easier and social. Videos, presentations and forums integrate education materials from different sources in different formats. of Info. This innovation is a select type of intelligence that is exhibited by computers … Disruptive innovations usually find their first customers at the bottom of the market: as unproven, often unpolished, products, they cannot command a high price. Instructional Technology program at the University of St. Thomas in Houston, Texas. Writing about what happened in the past and putting a framework around it is great – but if it doesn't help predict the future it doesn’t especially help entrepreneurs or us “investors.”. Are you an investor? Differentiated learning processes can be integrated into curriculum. Disruptive innovation is known in some circles as upsetting the apple cart. This allows the instructor to make the class more engaging and allows the students to ask more questions about the harder material, leading to a better understanding. I personally did not write my first line of code in school until my junior year of high school, and our robot could not make left hand turns. [Note: In a future blog post I will take a whack at what I think will be the sustainable innovations that might cross the chasm coming out of some of the hype items mentioned above: MOOCs, Common Core State Standards, analytics, badges and open educational resources (OER).]. But, there are some potential ways in which MOOCs could be disruptive in a more limited way. Our work at the Christensen Institute has shown that the principles of disruption can be beneficial to areas across society, including healthcare, education, and economic growth. Students in fourth and fifth grade are learning basic coding techniques. BBA in Mgmt. So, hooray for the MOOC phenomena in terms of making claims about needed innovations such as scale, analytics and the potential power of star teachers that will help accelerate the innovation trend toward online/blended that we are already on! It is that time when the apple cart is upset and innovation booms. As a result these platforms are fueling collaboration among Higher Education centers. Netflix is one of the best and leading examples of the Disruptive Innovation. And, while online/blended models have certainly improved access – well, the percentage of the population that has achieved credentials has been very level. Key concepts include: As an industry, education has certain elements that have made the market difficult to penetrate and lasting reform hard to come by. The study aims to conduct a systematic review to characterise the spread and use of the concept of ‘disruptive innovation’ within the healthcare sector. Minecraft is being used to teach mathematical concepts, architectural concepts, and even symbolism in literature. I do agree that “buyers” (students/parents) are in fact getting smarter about looking for lower cost options as well as attempting to understand the value of a higher education degree. Here there is significant nonconsumption of higher education. In IMS we try to ferret out “winners” by looking at criteria for something we call “Learning Impact” – which is defined by a set of judging criteria we use in our annual Learning Impact Awards (LIAs). In business theory, a disruptive innovation is an innovation that creates a new market and value network and eventually disrupts an existing market and value network, displacing established market-leading firms, products, and alliances. In … Disruptive innovation and change requires disrupting our assumptions about leadership. It has the ability to track performance in real time, and it is free for education. From this, we further aim to critique and challenge the sector-specific use of the concept. The growing relevance of this theory in the social sector (Eggers et … I wrote a paper about what the technology impact in higher education back in 2005-7 - and the situation is not significantly different today. And, congratulations to the leading institutions willing to make a space to try out the MOOC innovations as another set of tools that might be leveraged in the quest for improved education. In the 1950s, computers were multi-million dollar machines that had to be housed in large buildings and that could only be operated … Will they disrupt education? The instructor can they require a post video quiz that questions the students on the material presented. This allows me to maintain a full-time job while achieving a graduate degree in the same time frame as a traditional student who attends courses on campus. Systems; pursuing an M.Ed in Instructional Technology, University of St. Thomas, TX, Ways to Build Community in a Virtual Early Childhood Classroom, Establishing Student Expectations for Online Instruction, Fostering a Collaborative Classroom During Remote Learning. Right now there are quite a few over-hyped activities in the education segment. Education and innovation consortium NMC’s 2015 Higher Education report points to this trend. About the Author(s) Soren Kaplan is the author of the award-winning bestseller, Leapfrogging, a writer for FastCompany, faculty member in the executive program at Copenhagen Business School, and the Founder of InnovationPoint. The fi rst are new-market disruptions, which succeed because they bring previous nonconsumers into the market. The challenge for innovators and investors is to utilize critical thinking to rationalize what will sustain and what the real Impact will be. Christensen was recently quoted in an interview as stating that higher education institutions are going to be in real trouble 5 years from now. They range from…, Why is it Important to Establish Expectations for Students? Privacy Policy, Disruption in the education space requires better service models that are built around improved educational program quality, The disruption in terms of content will need to be content that enables educational experiences that are up-to-date (read “relevant”), adaptive to the interests of the learner, easily adaptable by teachers and yet thorough in terms of teaching the educational foundation that are defined via #1. In my opinion, these are simply a few examples of trendy teaching techniques that represent educational disruptive innovation through the use of social media as a supporting instructional tool. We’re pretty proud of this program because there is simply no way to win with hype. Very much like Kahn Academy, which is often referred to as a MOOC now even though it existed for a few years prior to the term. Sustaining innovation. So, open university providers get a “pay per use” version of content (versus the larger investments they must make today for tuition) that is likely better than what they are offering today, which if subsidized by advertising (net revenue equals small pay per use from open university provider coupled with advertising revenues) could equate to substantial revenues over a large numbers of users with similar interests (as indicated by the topic of study). Disruptive innovation in K–12 education in the form of online learning is also the catalyst to bring about more equitable access to high-quality education. I think MOOCs have the potential to be disruptive on the low end of the education market as a new model for delivering “open university style education.”  For example, today’s MOOCs could be an appealing alternative to the content portion of massive open universities around the world, featuring star professors from highly ranked universities. 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